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Fur Terminology You Should Know

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When you’re shopping for a new fur garment or doing your research online you may run into some terminology that you’re not familiar with.  Here is a list of terms we’ve compiled that may help when it comes to researching and purchasing the perfect piece of fur:

Brightener added

  • Fur luster and color can be enhanced using customized treatments

Dyeing

  • There are endless possibilities when it comes to fur color
  • Furs come in a wide range of natural colors but can also be dyed in many vibrant and beautiful hues
  • Dyeing can be used to fix any imperfections within the furs natural tones and can help improve uniformity
  • Sometimes the pelt is bleached white before it is dyed

Fur Layers

  • Guard hair is the long,
    Guard hair is the long, shiny that is there to protect the underfur
  • The underfur is what provides the warmth and insulation

Knitted Fur

  • Knitted fur is a specific design method used for fur garments
  • It is created by using narrow strips of fur combined with silk or cotton yarn
  • Knitted fur garments are often more light and breathable

Leathering

  • Strips of fur are alternated with leather, ribbon or cloth for a unique effect as well as increased lightness

Letting Out

  • Cutting the pelt in to diagonal strips and then re-sewing it allows for one to make the pelt longer and narrower
  • Also referred to as “dropping out”
  • The outcome is a supple and smooth flowing pelt

Mutation

  • Natural furs of unique colors that are produced due to selective breeding

Plucking

  • Guard hair is selectively plucked to emphasize the velvet underhair of the fur

Sculptured

  • This technique is comprised of many small detailed pieces of sheared mink to give a garment the beautiful and ever popular sculptured look

Shearing

  • This technique is used to trim fur to a short pile, sometimes as low as 5 mm
  • Used to reduce bulkiness and weight while creating intricate sculptural patterns in the fur.

Shearling

  • Natural lamb pelts with the leather side often suede and worn on the outside.

Skin-on-Skin

  • Rectangular pelts that are sewn together to create a box effect
  • This is an alternative to the letting out process.

Special Effects

  • Fur has become increasingly popular and designers are exploring the infinate possibilities when it comes producing garments
  • Fur can be treated with the same creativity as fabric
  • Fur can be draped, beaded, embroidered, laser cut, stenciled, embroidered and fringed

Tip-Dyeing

  • Dye is applied only to the tip of the guard hairs to produce a uniform color throughout
  • Also known as “blending”

Underfur

  • This is the layer of the fur that acts as insulation and provides warmth
  • The underhair is covered by guard hairs
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